To many people, smoking is not only a pleasure but also an addiction. They need smoking, depend on it, and can hardly get rid of it. If they do not smoke for hours, they will feel a craving for a cigarette. They often chain-smoke that means they light one cigarette after another. Smoking is often considered anti-social because many people do not like the smell of cigarettes or the sight of the smoker’s stained fingers and of ash-trays full of cigarette-ends. Above all, smoking is harmful to health. In many countries, they forbid to advertise cigarettes and a warning is printed every packet of cigarette that is “Smoking is bad for your health”. Scientists have proved that there is a close link between smoking and lung diseases, such as cough and tuberculosis and the worst of all is a fatal cancer.
#1. Smoking has a link to _______________ .
#2. A smoker _______________ .
#3. In many countries, _______________ .
#4. People smoke _________________ .
#5. A “chain-smoker” means_______________ .
The White House, the official home of the United States President, was not built in time for George Washington to live in it. It was begun in 1792 and was ready for its first inhabitants, President and Mrs. John Adams, in 1800. When the Adamses moved in, the White House was not yet complete, and the Adamses suffered many inconveniences. Thomas Jefferson, the third president, improved the comfort of the White House in many respects and added new architectural features such as the terraces on the east and west ends. 7 When British forces burned the White House on August 24, 1814, President Madison was forced to leave, and it was not until 1817 that then President James Monroe was able to return to a rebuilt residence. Since then, the White House has been occupied by each U.S. President.
#6. Which of the following would be an appropriate title for this passage?
#7. Why did George Washington NOT live in the White House?
#8. It can be inferred from the passage that John Adams was__________.
#9. According to the passage, which of the following best describes Thomas Jefferson’s tenure in the White House?
#10. According to the passage, when James Monroe came back to the White House, it had been __________.
The first few days after getting home from college were okay but then I began to feel rather bored and lonely. My parents were busy working and most of my friends were either away on holiday or else had holiday jobs. I had tried to get a job myself but without success. I was beginning to wish I had not come when I saw an advertisement for holiday courses in the local newspaper. For a small fee, you could try lots of different activities organized by town’s youth club. Each activity lasted half a day. I had not expected the courses very interesting but they were excellent. I also met new people as many of the tourists staying in the town joined in. You could do things like painting, a play-writing or computing. I met some students from Bulgaria who invited visit their country next year. You can imagine how excited I am, in fact it was one of the best summer holidays I’ve ever had!
#11. What is the writer trying to do in the passage?
#12. Why would somebody read the passage?
#13. How did the writer feel when she arrived home?
#14. Why is the writer looking forward to next year?
#15. Which of these advertisements did the writer see?
New York City is located in the southeastern part of New York State. The city was found by the Dutch in 1624. At first it was called Fort Amsterdam, and then New Amsterdam. In 1664, the English took over the city and renamed it New York. With the population of more than 7 million in the city and 19 million in the metropolitan region, New York is the largest city in the United States. It is divided into five parts, which are Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. The total area of these parts is 946 square kilometers. Visitors to New York are all attracted by places such as the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building, Wall Street, and Broadway theater district. New York is also where tourists can visit some world famous art galleries and museums.
#16. Where is New York City?
#17. What was the city called at first?
#18. What is its population?
#19. How many parts are there in the city?
#20. What can tourists also visit in New York ?
After spending a day at the beach, I stopped to buy a snack on my way home. But when I reached for my wallet, it wasn’t there. I checked my other pockets and the car and then headed back to look at the beach. My driver’s license, my ID card – my mind was racing through all the things I had lost and I felt rotten. A search of the beach and parking lot proved fruitless, so I headed home. I tried to forget it because there was nothing I could do, but I was mad at myself for losing it. After dinner, when I was watching TV and trying to forget, the phone rang and a voice asked: “;Did you lose a wallet? I found it on the beach”. What a great feeling that gave me – not only for my luck, but also for my faith in all humanity.
#21. How much time did the writer spend on the beach?
#22. What did he lose?
#23. How did he feel when he knew that he lost his driver's license and ID card?
#24. Where did he go after searching the beach and the parking lot and finding nothing?
#25. What did the person who found his wallet do?
Many people buy and use copied programs for their computer. This illegal copying of computer software has become a huge industry because the software is much cheaper than the original programs. Illegal software can be found on sale in any part of the world, although it is more readily available in Asia than in Western countries. Software manufacturers have been trying to get governments to stop this copying or “pirating”. In an attempt to get rid of “software pirates”, police have seized software from stores and fined the owners. This has been partially successful, but manufacturers are still losing a lot of money. By using this kind of software, computer owners risk damaging their computer. Illegally copied software can carry computer viruses which could wipe out information stored on the computer’s hard drives.
#26. Computer software is __________
#27. People buy pirated software because it is __________
#28. Pirated software is found __________
#29. In some countries, owners of illegal software have __________
#30. According to the passage, __________ software can damage computers .